Tuesday, February 1, 2011

Patt Morrison for Wednesday, February 2, 2011


Wednesday, February 2, 2011

1-3 p.m.





1:06 – 1:39




1:41 – 1:58:30

The new science of satiety: How foods of the future will control your hunger

Until only about five years ago, scientists had no idea how humans controlled their food intake. It was clear our bodies are in a default state of continual hunger; we’re hungry until we’re full, but what makes us realize we’re full? The answer is a complex system of nerve endings and hormone interactions known as the enteric nervous system or “gut brain,” which releases hormones and triggers our brain to step away from the food when we’re full. Developing satiety-inducing foods has been the holy grail of the field since its inception, but it’s had a storied past; turns out it’s pretty difficult to create combinations of high fiber and high protein foods that people also want to eat. But a new wave is energizing the field with a multi-pronged approach, including the use of compounds like monoglycerides that slow digestion as well as synthetic hormones that make us feel full. As scientists at companies like Nestle race in top secret to put those foods on the shelf in the next five years, Patt checks in with the largest nutritional food research center in the world for a behind-the-scenes peak at potential foods of the future and their implication for public health and problems like obesity.



Frank Greenway, professor in the Pharmacology-based Clinical Trials Department at the Pennington Biomedical Research Institute in Baton Rouge



-         Satiety is pronounce Set-EYE-e-tee

-         In the past or in other parts of the world, that may have been dictated by supply, but over time, we evolved what are known as satiety hormones, which trigger our brains to let us know we’re full and should stop eating.

-         Satiety hormones like GOP 1 (developed about 2 years ago),Byettta (bi-ATE-uh) and Victoza are currently on the market

-         past approaches to developing satiety inducing foods focused on only one aspect; the newer approaches are multi-pronged, focus on satiety hormones as well as the mechanics of digestion—How do scientists model the human gut?

-         we’ve evolved satiety hormones naturally—people who are borderline diabetic have weaker satiety hormones; people who have a high body mass index have stronger satiety hormones than people with lower BMIs.




2:06 – 2:30

Final verdict on the American financial crisis is muddled, just like the crisis itself

The bi-partisan Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission (FCIC) appointed by Congress issued its final report yesterday on what it believes lead to the economic meltdown.  After months of examining evidence and hearing testimony from big time players in the financial arena including Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke, U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) chairman Sheila Bair, Warren E. Buffett, and executives from Citibank to Goldman Sachs, the commission dispelled the notion held by many on Wall Street and in Washington that the economic crisis that launched this country and parts of the world into a major economic recession was unforeseen and therefore not preventable.  The commission noted “systemic breaches in accountability and ethics at all levels” including the Federal Reserves inability to effectively manage the wave of toxic mortgages. The group found that legislators and regulators didn’t fully understand the economic system they were charged with overseeing and that ignorance coupled with inaction allowed too many financial firms to act “recklessly”.  The commission’s report notes that lending standards were out of control—institutions lent to too many risky borrowers, the prevalence and lack of regulation of over-the-counter derivatives and the failure of credit rating agencies to accurately reflect the value of the products they were reviewing contributed significantly to the crisis. It’s important to note however that the conclusions of the 10-person bipartisan commission weren’t unanimous.  Three conservative members of the commission released a dissenting statement lambasting the majority for presenting narratives that had a “popular appeal” but didn’t necessarily factor in the complicated nature of the global economic market.   



Phil Angelides, chairman, Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission





2:30 – 2:58:30

Up in the air Junior Birdman, with your electronic toys – a disaster waiting to happen?

Cell phones, iPods, tablets, e-books, GPS units – we think we can’t live without them, but maybe we can’t live with them… that is, if we operate our electronic device 30,000 feet up. Airlines routinely tell us to turn our cells phones and the like off before takeoff, but some passengers ignore the request, unwilling to interrupt that important call. Or maybe they’re thinking their little device couldn’t possible cause problems. Is this worrisome? Experts say it is; many of those little machines transmit a signal and they all emit electromagnetic waves, which, in theory, could interfere with the plane’s own electronics.

Are you ready to chance it, and moreover, should we passengers make that decision or just take our seats, be quiet, and press the off button?



Patrick Smith, airline pilot, air travel columnist and author. His Ask the Pilot column runs regularly on Salon.com. Patrick has visited more than 70 countries and always asks for a window seat.  




Kate Hanni (HANN-eye), Founder of the Coalition for an Airline Passengers Bill of Rights and FlyersRights.org


Representative of International Airline Passengers Association



Representative of Flight Safety Foundation



Jonathan Serviss
Senior Producer, Patt Morrison
Southern California Public Radio
NPR Affiliate for Los Angeles
89.3 KPCC-FM | 89.1 KUOR-FM | 90.3 KPCV-FM
626.583.5171, office
415.497.2131, mobile
jserviss@kpcc.org / jserviss@scpr.org


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