GUEST HOST IS ALEX COHEN
1:06 – 1:30 - OPEN
1:30 – 1:50
EMBARGOED UNTIL SUNDAY AFTER MIDNIGHT
Propublica investigates how dark money nonprofits actually operate. What do they tell the IRS & FEC they’re doing and what do they actually do?
Kim Barker, reporter, ProPublica
1:50 - 1:58:30
Bryshon Nellum’s unorthodox path to an Olympic medal
After sprinter Bryshon Nellum was shot three times in the legs while leaving a restaurant near the University of Southern California in October ‘08, doctors told the sophomore his athletics career was likely over. Police found the incident was likely a case of mistaken identity by a gang, and Nellum not only lost his ability to continue sprinting, but almost lost his life as well. After three surgeries to fully recover, Nellum continued training, despite the unlikelihood of regaining his past ability. On August 9, Bryshon won a silver medal in the London Olympic Games as part of the U.S. 4x400 meter relay team, and was selected by his fellow U.S. Olympians as a flag bearer during Olympic closing ceremonies.
Bryshon Nellum, Olympic medalist
2:06 – 2:19 - OPEN
2:21:30 – 2:39
New findings from the old Stanford marshmallow experiment: delayed gratification is linked to weighing less
Between 1968 and 1974, researchers from Stanford University studied delayed gratification in 650 four-year-olds by offering them a single marshmallow. Once given the marshmallow, the children were told they could eat it immediately or wait a few minutes and receive two instead. Then they were left alone in the room. On average, most children didn’t wait for more than three minutes, but close to 30 percent managed to wait 15 minutes for the researcher to return with their second marshmallow. As the children have grown up, follow up studies have been conducted yielding some interesting results: the children who were able to delay gratification when they were four generally scored higher on the SAT, exhibited more social competence, and were better at planning and handling stress. But the latest research, conducted by researchers from the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, has found that the children who waited are less likely to be overweight or obese as adults. For each minute the subjects delayed gratification as children, there was a 0.2 point decrease in their body mass index. While the difference was not astonishingly large, University of Wisconsin researchers said the presence of such a correlation after so many years should be noted. Other research has also indicated that delayed gratification can be taught, meaning children can actually learn to have more willpower. How can these lessons be applied to children today? Does this means there’s light at the end of the tunnel that is America’s obesity epidemic?
Tanya Schlam, Ph.D., Assistant Scientist at the Unviersity of Wisconsin Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention; co-researcher on the Stanford marshmallow follow up study, “Preschoolers’ Delay of Gratification Predicts their Body Mass Index 30 Years Later”
2:41:30 – 2:58:30
“Hello goodbye hello” stitches together 101 meetings into one clever story
Imagine a game of Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon that winds through a series of interlinked connections between hundreds of historical figures and you start to get a picture of Craig Brown’s clever new book “Hello Goodbye Hello: A Circle of 101 Remarkable Meetings.” Brown’s premise references a series of actual meetings between people in which the second person in the meeting is the first in the next, creating an interconnected circle of encounters that skips around decades and across continents. Along the way all manner of intrapersonal connections are made and every meeting has a story; songwriter Leonard Cohen shares an intimate moment with Janis Joplin, Elvis Presley meets Richard Nixon at The White House and Marilyn Monroe meets Frank Lloyd Wright to convince the famed architect to design a mansion that never gets built. To add another element of inspired literary prowess, Brown wrote every chapter to fit into a neat numerological pattern – the circle begins with Adolf Hitler, progresses through 101 meetings, with each chapter composed of exactly 1001 words that winds its way back to Adolf Hitler to close the circle 101,101 words later. Have you ever wondered how many degrees you are from your heroes?
Craig Brown, author of “Hello Goodbye Hello: A Circle of 101 Remarkable Meetings”
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